Care Certificate

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Who Is A Vulnerable Adult?

Video 111 of 250
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Legislation and Protection for Vulnerable Adults

Understanding Vulnerable Adults

A vulnerable adult, defined as someone aged 18 or over, requires or may need community care services due to disability, mental illness, age, or illness, and is unable to care for themselves or safeguard against significant harm or exploitation.

Key Legislation

  • Human Rights Act 1998: Provides specific rights to all individuals in the UK, including the right to life and freedom from torture or degrading treatment.
  • Care Act 2014: Requires local authorities to investigate suspected abuse or neglect of vulnerable adults.
  • Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005: Aims to protect and empower individuals unable to make choices for themselves.
  • Equality Act 2010: Protects against discrimination based on various characteristics.
  • Data Protection Act 2018: Regulates the use of personal data to prevent vulnerability to abuse.
  • Public Disclosure Act 1998: Allows employees to report misconduct without fear of reprisal.

Multi-Agency Safeguarding

Multi-agency safeguarding boards review cases of neglect or abuse resulting in fatalities to assess agencies' effectiveness in safeguarding vulnerable adults.

Training and Reporting

All agencies must provide training for staff and volunteers working with vulnerable adults to ensure compliance with protection policies and practices.

Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS)

The DBS assesses referrals concerning individuals posing harm or risk to vulnerable groups, maintaining barred lists to prevent them from working with these groups.

Reporting Misconduct

Employers and organizations have a legal obligation to report dismissed staff or volunteers who have harmed a vulnerable adult to the DBS.