Care Certificate

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What is Dementia?

Video 83 of 250
3 min 41 sec
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Understanding Dementia and Its Impact

The Normal Ageing Process

As individuals age, it's common to experience a slowing down in cognitive processes and decision-making.

Defining Dementia

Dementia encompasses various progressive conditions affecting brain function, leading to a decline in cognitive abilities.

Types of Dementia

  • Alzheimer’s Disease: Named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer, this condition involves the accumulation of harmful proteins in the brain, gradually worsening cognitive function.
  • Vascular Dementia: Caused by reduced blood supply to brain cells, often due to strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), leading to impaired thinking and memory.

Recognizing Symptoms

Signs of dementia may include:

  • Memory Loss: Forgetting recent events, getting lost, repeating oneself, confusion, and difficulty following conversations.
  • Communication Problems: Difficulty using correct words, reading, and comprehension.
  • Behavioural Changes: Mood swings, depression, anxiety, and loss of self-confidence.

Diagnosis and Management

Early diagnosis is crucial for effective management. Consultation with a GP is essential if symptoms associated with dementia are observed.

Attitude and Support

Attitudes and support significantly influence the experience of living with dementia. It's vital to focus on maintaining dignity and quality of life.

Other Conditions to Consider

Various medical conditions, such as thyroid issues, infections, and circulatory problems, can mimic dementia symptoms. Timely treatment is crucial for these conditions.