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Sexual abuse is defined as forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.

This involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, including prostitution, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative (e.g. rape, buggery or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts. They may include involving children in looking at, or in the production of, pornographic material, watching sexual activities, or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.

Sexual abuse with regard to Safeguarding Children is in relation to;

• Penetrative and non-penetrative acts
• Involving children looking at or in the production of pornographic material
• Watching sexual activities
• Encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways

There are many signs that could indicate sexual abuse, Behavioral indicators of Sexual Abuse are inappropriate unusual or aggressive sexual behavior indicating a sex-role relationship between the victim and the suspect. Often the more common children who are suffering from sexual abuse will present with the following;

• Vividly describing sexual activity
• Compulsive masturbation
• Drawing of a sexual nature
• Sexualised play with explicit acts
• Soreness of genitalia or bottom, irritation or bleeding
• Bruises on external genitalia or inner thighs
• Difficulty walking or sitting; torn, stained or bloody underclothing